Veterinary Procedures List: Purpose of Common Animal Surgeries

Veterinary surgeries involve different essential procedures to treat and prevent animal medical conditions. Pet owners often encounter health challenges with their beloved furry companions. In many cases, surgical procedures become necessary to treat and improve their quality of life. 

Here, we will overview the general veterinary procedures list and discuss the purpose of the common animal surgeries. Additionally, we will explore how these common veterinary surgical procedures are essential in maintaining the health and well-being of our four-legged friends. Keep reading!

List of General Veterinary Surgical Procedures 

Although there are various animal procedures, but the most common and frequently performed veterinary surgeries are as follows:

  • Spaying/Neutering
  • Dental Procedures
  • Tumor Removal
  • Foreign Body Removal
  • Orthopedic Surgeries
  • Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV) Surgery
  • Cystotomy
  • Cesarean Section (C-Section)Cesarean Section (C-Section)
  • Entropion/Ectropion Correction
  • Hernia Repair
  • Other Veterinary Procedures List

Let’s learn the purpose of these procedures!


Spaying and neutering are among the most common surgeries that are on the top of the veterinary procedures list. These are performed on pets, specifically felines and canines. 

Spaying: It’s the surgical removal of a female cat/dog’s ovaries and uterus. The medical term for this procedure is Ovariohysterectomy.

Neutering: Also called Orchiectomy, neutering involves the removal of a male animal’s testicles. 

The primary purpose of these procedures is to:

  • Reduce the risk of certain reproductive-related diseases such as mammary tumors, prostate issues, and uterine infections
  • Prevent unwanted litters
  • Control the pet population

Dental Procedures

Dental problems are widespread in pets, just as they are in humans. 

Common dental surgeries in animals may involve 

  • Tooth extractions
  • Root canals
  • Treatment of oral tumors

Regular dental checkups and necessary procedures can prevent  

  • Severe pain
  • Tooth loss
  • Potential systemic infections that could affect animals’ vital organs

Tumor Removal

While not all tumors are cancerous, their presence can still cause discomfort and interfere with your pet’s daily life. So tumor removal is a crucial veterinary surgical procedure to address both benign and malignant growths. Removing tumors promptly helps prevent further complications in animals and can even be curative if the tumor is cancerous and detected early.

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Foreign Body Removal

Pets, especially dogs, have a habit of ingesting non-food items, which can lead to gastrointestinal obstructions. So to remove foreign objects like toys, socks, or bones that might be causing blockages, veterinary surgeons often need to perform exploratory surgeries.

The primary purpose of these procedures is to prevent severe digestive tract damage and potentially life-threatening conditions.

Orthopedic Surgeries

Orthopedic surgeries are common in animals, especially in larger breeds and senior pets. 

These procedures can include: 

  • Repairing torn ligaments (such as the anterior cruciate ligament or ACL)
  • Hip and elbow dysplasia corrections
  • Fixing fractures

Orthopedic veterinary surgical procedures are vital for:

  • Restoring joint mobility
  • Reducing muscle pain
  • Enhancing the overall quality of life for pets with musculoskeletal issues.

Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV) Surgery

Timely GDV surgery is critical in saving a dog’s life. GDV, commonly known as bloat, is a life-threatening condition in large, deep-chested dog breeds. 

Primarily, this condition involves stomach twisting, leading to trapped gas and reduced blood flow. So to untwist the stomach and secure it to the abdominal wall to prevent recurrence, emergency surgical intervention is required.


In animals, bladder stones can cause pain, difficulty urinating, and blood in the urine. On the veterinary procedures list, cystotomy is a procedure performed to remove bladder stones or tumors. This surgery is necessary to prevent blockages and infections that can possibly lead to kidney damage in pets.

Cesarean Section (C-Section)

Just like in humans, some animals may face complications during delivery. In such cases, a cesarean section is performed to deliver the puppies or kittens safely. This procedure ensures the health and survival of both the mother and her offspring.

Entropion/Ectropion Correction

Entropion is a condition where animals’ eyelids roll inward, while ectropion causes the eyelids to roll outward. 

Both conditions can cause:

  • Irritation
  • Chronic tearing
  • Potential corneal damage

Surgical correction helps alleviate discomfort and prevent long-term eye issues.

Hernia Repair

Hernias occur in animals when organs or tissues protrude through a weakened area in the abdominal wall. Therefore, surgery is necessary to repair hernias which helps prevent complications like organ damage and the potential for severe infections.

Other Veterinary Procedures List

Some other important animal surgeries are as follows:

  • Cruciate Ligament Repair (TPLO or TTA)
  • Cherry Eye Repair (Third eyelid gland prolapse)
  • Amputation for limb injuries or cancer
  • Ear Hematoma Drainage
  • Enucleation (Eye Removal)
  • Liver Biopsy or Liver Lobectomy
  • Nasal or Sinus Surgery
  • Anal Gland Removal (Anal Sacculotomy)
  • Splenectomy (Spleen Removal)


Essential Veterinary surgeries help maintain the health of our animal companions. From routine spaying and neutering to life-saving procedures like GDV surgery, each intervention serves a specific purpose in improving the well-being of pets.

When faced with medical challenges, it’s essential to consult with a qualified veterinarian to determine the best course of action for our furry friends. 

If you need more informative guides and other learning material about veterinary medicine, Vet and Tech is a reliable source. Here you can explore a wide range of information on animal diseases, procedures, and veterinary health solutions.  


Is it necessary to spay or neuter my pet?

Spaying or neutering your pet is highly recommended, especially if you don’t intend to breed them. These procedures have numerous benefits, including preventing unwanted litter, reducing the risk of certain cancers and infections, and curbing behavioral issues related to mating instincts. 

What can I expect after my pet undergoes dental surgery?

After dental surgery, your vet will likely prescribe pain medication and antibiotics to aid healing. Following the post-operative care instructions properly is essential to ensure a smooth recovery.

My pet has a tumor; does that mean it’s cancerous?

Not all tumors in pets are cancerous. Some are benign, meaning they do not spread to other body parts and are generally less concerning. However, early detection and proper treatment are crucial to addressing tumors effectively.